You need cash and want to apply for a personal loan. But you also want to make a smart choice and find the best personal loan for your situation.
Where to begin? Choosing a personal loan requires time, careful research and comparing personal loan companies. But with some legwork, you can find the information you need to wisely choose a personal loan right for your finances.
Here is the general process for applying for personal loans:
- Figure out what you need in a personal loan, and what credit and income qualifications you need to meet.
- Find personal loans that meet your needs.
- Get pre-approvals from several lenders and compare those personal loan offers to choose which is best for you.
- Complete a final personal loan application.
- Sign your loan agreement and receive the fund disbursement.
Get a personal loan that meets your needs
To find a personal loan that’s right for you, you must first figure out what you’re looking for. You’ll need to consider your needs, your financial situation and your credit.
1. Define how you plan to use the personal loan
Are you using a personal loan to cover a medical bill or car repair? Or are you consolidating credit card debts? How you plan to use the personal loan funds could affect your choices.
While some personal loan providers allow you to use funds for any purpose, others limit how a personal loan can be used. Payoff, for example, is an online lender that solely focuses on credit card debt consolidation.
A clear vision of how you plan to use your personal loan will also help you figure out how big your personal loan should be.
2. Figure out how much you need to borrow
You know how you’re using a loan. You’ll also need to borrow enough to cover those costs and any origination fees you don’t plan to pay out of pocket.
If you’re consolidating credit card debt, you’ll need to borrow enough money to pay off credit card balances and cover any loan or origination fees. This Bankrate calculator can help you add up credit card balances.
Maybe you plan to use a personal loan to cover a major expense, like a move or a wedding. You should fully research all the costs you can expect to cover and decide on a budget to ensure you borrow enough money.
Most lenders have a minimum and maximum balance for personal loans. So if you know how much you need to borrow, you can quickly determine if a lender would agree to those terms.
If you need a large loan, you’ll need a lender like SoFi that offers personal loans up to $100,000. But if you want a smaller loan, such as $1,500, Upstart or Avant would be better bets, with minimum personal loan balances set at $1,000.
3. Take an honest look at your financial situation
You don’t want to end up getting a personal loan that is too expensive and stretches your finances too thin. Check how you feel about your financial situation in general: Are your stressed or confident? Can you keep up with bills or do you constantly scramble to avoid falling behind?
“If a borrower is struggling to make minimum payments on current debt, a personal loan will usually not help,” says Kevin Gallegos, vice president of Phoenix operations for Freedom Financial Network, a personal loan provider.
Instead of considering new debt, Gallegos suggests that struggling borrowers “look into other help.” If your existing financial situation and debt are more than you can realistically handle, look into options like debt negotiation, settlement, or even bankruptcy.
4. Calculate the monthly payments you can afford
Before getting a personal loan, it’s important to know if you can actually afford the monthly payments.
Getting a personal loan you can afford will include choosing terms that result in affordable monthly payments. The amount of these payments will be determined by the terms of your personal loan:
- Initial balance, or how much you borrow when you take out a loan.
- Repayment length, or how many months you’ll be repaying the loan.
- Interest rate, or how much the lender will charge you each month to borrow money.
You can use this monthly payment calculator to see how different terms would affect the monthly payment you’ll face.
As you check out different potential loan terms, make sure you’re keeping in mind your budget and other financial goals. Choose a target monthly payment that leaves some extra cash in your monthly budget.
5. Check your credit score and reports
Once you have a handle on your own financial needs, you’ll want to check your credit. You can view your free annual credit reports through AnnualCreditReport.com. For your credit score, you can try free credit check tools like CreditKarma or Credit Sesame to get score estimates.
This will give you an idea of how your credit history will be viewed by lenders. You can compare lenders’ credit requirements to your credit score or reports to see if it’s a good match.
A good credit score for personal loans will be at least 680. With this FICO score or higher, you’ll qualify for a wider range of personal loans and lower interest rates. However, some lenders, like Avant, set credit score minimums for personal loans as low as 580.
If your credit score is under 580, don’t panic. You might still be able to get personal loans for bad credit. But you should expect to do more legwork to find a loan – and plan to pay more to borrow.
Make a list of your personal loan needs
Read up on different types of personal loans and features to make sure you’ve thought through everything you need.
If you don’t have good credit, for example, you might want a co-signer to improve your chances of approval. But not all personal loan companies provide the option to apply for a personal loan with a co-applicant.
Make a full list of all your needs and requirements for a personal loan, including monthly payments, balance, credit requirements and more. This will give you a checklist you can compare lenders against to ensure it’s a good fit.
Comparing personal loan companies to find the right lender
You know what you need in a personal loan. Now you can start looking for personal loan companies whose product match those needs. As you shop around for personal loans, you’ll also want to compare offers to find the best personal loan provider.
With your criteria for a personal loan in place, start looking around at different lenders.
Check out personal loan companies of all kinds, from online lenders to big banks and credit unions. These various types of lenders have different structures and business models – which means they’ll also have distinct underwriting processes, fees, and interest rates.
Identify personal lenders who would meet your needs
As you look at each lender, check their loans against your list of requirements. Our personal loan marketplace can help you quickly compare loans and filter lenders by your top criterion.
Maybe you have a high income, great credit and your biggest goal is keeping costs to a minimum. SoFi and Earnest offer personal loans with low rates and no origination fees, and you’d likely qualify for a loan.
On the other hand, you might have a lower credit score and are looking for lenders who will approve your application. Avant and Lending Club are online lenders that have less-strict credit score and income requirement for approval.
Research the credibility of each lender, as well, to ensure it’s legitimate. Try to find at least three personal lenders that will both meet your personal loan needs and have credit requirements you satisfy.
Get multiple personal loan pre-approvals
Settling for the first lender you come across is one of the most common personal loan mistakes.
To get the best deal on a personal loan, you’ll need to have options. You’ll get these when you apply for pre-approval with a few lenders that meet the requirements on your personal loan checklist.
In a pre-approval application, the lender will ask for some limited identification and financial information:
- Name, birth date and other identifying information.
- Contact info like email, phone number, and residential address.
- Employment history including job title, current employer, and income.
- Loan details like desired balance and how you intend to use the loan.
Many pre-approval processes also include a credit check. Make sure it’s a soft credit pull, which won’t affect your credit score.
Lenders will use the information to evaluate if you’re a good fit. If you are, you’ll be pre-approved for a loan. Lenders usually generate some personalized loan offers based on your initial information, usually one or more of different term lengths.
Compare personal loan interest rates
You have a few offers for personal loans in hand. How do you compare them to find the loan that is the best deal?
One of the most important factors that determine the cost of your personal loan is the interest rate, or the annual percentage rate (APR). This will tell you how much interest you will be paying on your personal loan.
As you’re comparing personal loan rates, “make sure the lender is clear about the interest rate,” Gallegos says. Reputable lenders will be transparent about their personal loan rates.
Looking at APRs to find the lowest one will be how you identify the best interest rate – this loan comparison tool can help. Chances are good that the personal loan with the lowest APR will be the most cost-effective option over the life of the loan. Look for the loan with the lowest APR that also has a monthly payment you can afford.
Watch for personal loan fees
In addition to interest rates, personal loan fees can also add to your costs. “Personal loans typically charge an origination fee of one to five percent of the loan amount,” Gallegos says, though some lenders don’t charge origination fees at all. However, sometimes a fee-free loan will have a higher interest rate.
You should compare the full costs of each personal loan to know which is truly the best deal. This handy loan comparison tool from Bankrate can be useful for this purpose.
Pay attention to how open the lender is about costs. “A good lender will be upfront about fees, and work with the borrower to calculate overall interest savings,” Gallegos says. On the other hand, if fees are unclear or hidden in small print, that’s the red flag of an untrustworthy lender.
Fully research each lender
You’ll also want to evaluate each lender on more subjective terms. Look into personal lender reviews and see what kind of experience customers have had with the company. Make sure all personal loan companies you’re considering have transparent costs and fees.
Research features that are important to you. If you do most of your money management on your smartphone, for example, you might value a well-built mobile app.
Or, if you have less-than-perfect credit, you might value flexible credit requirements.
“Some of the best independent lenders use different criteria than a traditional bank or credit union to evaluate how likely a person is to repay a loan,” Gallegos points out. This could improve your chances of approval, even with a credit history most lenders wouldn’t consider.
Apply for and get a personal loan
At this point, you’ve identified a lender that meets your needs. You’ve been pre-approved and compared personal loan offers. You’ve probably identified the personal loan with the best terms for you.
Completing a personal loan application
The next step is to apply for a loan with the lender who is your top choice. You’ll fill out a full personal loan application similar to the pre-approval application, but it might ask more detailed or in-depth questions:
- Proof of identity, such as a passport, driver’s license, birth certificate.
- Social Security number.
- Proof of employment and income, such as an offer letter or recent paystub.
- Bank account number to which the lender can deposit loan funds.
The application will also include a hard credit pull to give the lender greater insights into your credit history.
Besides these items, lenders might require additional documents specific to their underwriting process. Some will be interested in your education level and might ask for proof of a degree. The lender might even ask for bank statements or other financial information.
Lenders’ processing times will vary from 24 hours to up to two weeks. Check the lender’s site for information on their timeline for processing loan applications. You’re also free to contact the lender to check on your application.
Signing a personal loan agreement
You’ve submitted the application and the lender has reviewed it. If everything checks out, the lender will extend you a formal offer through a loan agreement.
The loan agreement should fully outline the details and terms of the personal loan. This will include all fees and costs, repayment length, and disbursement details for how you’ll receive the loan funds. Make sure to fully review this contract so you understand what you’ll be signing on for.
If the terms of the personal loan are as expected, it’s time to sign the loan agreement. Your signature will make the loan agreement binding, and you’ll be responsible for adhering to the terms or the loan.
Once the lender receives the signed loan agreement, it will disburse the funds to your account, usually through direct deposit. It might take a day or two for the transfer to process and deposit. Once you’ve received the money, you’re free to use the personal loan funds how you want.
Overall, getting a personal loan isn’t too complicated. Choosing the right loan that works for you will require research, comparison, and some tough decisions. But getting the cash you need now, without compromising your financial future, is the key to making wise decisions when getting a personal loan.
Interested in a personal loan?
Here are the top personal loan lenders of 2017!
|Lender||Rates (APR)||Loan Amount|
|* = includes AutoPay discount|
|4.77% – 14.24%*||$5,000 – $100,000||Visit SoFi|
|5.75% – 16.24%1||$5,000 – $50,000||Visit Citizens|
|5.67% – 29.99%||$1,000 – $50,000||Visit Upstart|
|8.00% – 25.00%||$5,000 – $35,000||Visit Payoff|
|5.25% – 12.00%||$2,000 – $50,000||Visit Earnest|
|9.95% – 36.00%||$1,000 – $35,000||Visit Avant|
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